Academy Xi Blog

What is Web3 and why is it important?

By Academy Xi

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Building on the current web 2.0, the next incarnation of the internet is referred to as web 3.0 or Web3. Read on to discover how the third generation of the world wide web aims to provide a more intelligent and connected user experience.

At this point in time we are in transition between Web 2.0 and 3.0. The primary mission of web3 is to empower users, instead of the control residing mainly with corporations and companies. It’s this shift in focus that makes Web3 so important.

What’s the difference between web 1.0, web 2.0, web 3.0?

The standout difference between web 3.0 and its predecessors is the fact it is a decentralised model, with data being stored and shared across many devices, as opposed to being only on centralised servers. Having data shared securely across many locations provides a safeguard and reduces risks of large-scale data breach.

 Let’s take a quick peek at previous manifestations of the web.

 Web 1.0

The first step into the world wide web, version 1.0 was a static, read-only experience for users. Driven by web browsers and HTML, HTTP and URL technology, elements were hyperlinked together and there were no search engines to speak of. This passive experience saw reading information as the only interaction between user and platform.

 Web 2.0

Moving on up, 2.0 provides a two-way experience where users can interact by reading and creating content on sites and apps and sharing it between platforms. 2.0 is highly centralised with the big players having a monopoly on the associated user data (think YouTube, Meta/Facebook, Twitter) which they monetise. This extreme imbalance of data ownership and therefore power, along with increased widespread privacy and security concerns, is creating the need for the next generation of the internet.

 Web 3.0.

Key features of web 3.0

Beyond the decentralisation of data, other differences between 3.0 and previous versions are not as clearly defined. There are, however, some key features of 3.0 that provide more definition. 

  • Semantic web

The semantic web is where online pages are structured and tagged in a way that supports computers to directly read and process them at scale and better understand all digital content.

 The benefit of this development is that massive quantities of data and knowledge is easily accessed and read by machines (this includes AI bots and virtual assistants), which results in algorithms needing less data to produce relevant results for users. The machines can analyse the context of the data, not just the data on its own.

  • Artificial intelligence (AI)

A fundamental aspect of Web3, AI is tasked with improving the user experience by providing better content recommendations and human-machine interaction. AI will offer sophisticated learning algorithms and analytics to help machines learn and better process, or understand, digital content.

 AI-powered recommendation already exists with web 2.0 offerings, such as content streaming services that analyse viewer activity. These algorithms will be central to Web3, as they can analyse massive quantities of user data and create predictive models for the individual. As a result, the user will get a more tailored and personalised experience.

  • Blockchain

Already existing within cryptocurrency ecosystems, blockchain technology enables peer-to-peer payments and the collection of digital assets. So, what is blockchains’ role in web 3.0? In the new wave, blockchain networks replace centralised databases. 

With blockchain, you’ll only need a single username and password to access everything that has become decentralised, not one for each platform or service. Blockchain technology will support and facilitate the overall decentralisation that Web3 promises to bring.

  •  Connectivity

All data will be more connected because of semantic metadata. This will result in a better user experience overall as the higher rate of connectivity of information online will provide stronger search results.

What’s an example of a web3 app that exists today?

what is web 3 examplesThe following are three examples of Web3 applications you may already be familiar with.

  •  Blockchain technology

Predominantly used with cryptocurrency and non fungible tokens (NFTs), blockchain technology is a prime example of Web3 application.

  •  Cryptocurrency

Essentially decentralised digital cash that is controlled by users, as opposed to centralised authorities such as a bank, cryptocurrency is a strong example of a web3 app.

  •  Non-fungible tokens (NFTs)

Fundamentally another form of crypto, NFTs are unique and not exchangeable for another. They’re linked to digital or physical assets such as artworks, or paper deed titles and represent the ownership of the item.

How to learn web 3.0

The development of web3 brings with it a range of exciting employment opportunities. Completing industry-approved training in Software Engineering or Web Development is a sure-fire way to learn how to develop and maintain systems, from small applications to large-scale online platforms. This training will give you the foundational skills needed to launch a career involved in the next evolution of the internet.

With massive industry demand and a shortage of IT talent, training in tech will see you future-proofing your career.

At Academy Xi, we offer a range of Software Engineering and Web Development courses, designed, and delivered by experienced industry professionals. Our hands-on, practical training will take you from beginner to job-ready in a matter of weeks.

Looking to upskill and enhance your career?

 Ready for a complete career transformation?

Best of all, Transform courses come with access to a Career Support Program that helps 97% of graduates land their dream role. 

 To discuss your transferable skills and course options, speak to a course advisor today and take the first steps toward a new career in tech.

Academy Xi Blog

What is Front-End Web Development and why is it important?

By Academy Xi

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We’ve compiled this list of questions most frequently asked about Front-End Web Development to help you understand what it’s like to start a dynamic career as a Front-End Web Developer.

  • Front-End Web Development and why it’s important
  • Front-End Web Development essentials
  • Careers in Front-End Web Development
  • Industry demand for Front-End Web Development
  • Becoming a Front-End Web Developer

Already know you’d like to study Front-End Web Development? Get in touch with our Course Advisors to discuss training options, and check out the upcoming intake.

Front-End Web Development and why it’s important

Front-End Web Development and why it’s important

What is Front-End Web Development?

Everything you see on a website, from search bars and pop ups to buttons and banners, is created by a Front-End Web Developer. Front-End Web Developers use coding skills to bring the vision and design concept for a website to life. 

As well as optimising the look and feel, Front-End Web Developers also have to make sure the website displays well on all devices, including phones, tablets and computers. With a combined focus on aesthetics and functionality, Front-End Web Developers aim to create websites that are easy on the eye and easy to use.  

How do businesses use Front-End Web Development?

In 2010, there were a little over 210 million websites. Today, there are over 2 billion. For businesses trying to stand out in such a crowded digital space, the need for an eye-catching and user-friendly website has never been higher.  

To list just a few positive effects, having a good website will boost your business’s credibility, build your brand image, act as a crucial marketing channel and grow organic traffic. 

On the flipside, a website with confusing architecture, unresponsive pages or slow loading times is one of the easiest ways to lose customers. In this day and age, a functional, attractive website is non-negotiable for most consumers. 

What does a Front-End Web Developer actually do?

What does a Front-End Web Developer do

A Front-End Web Developer creates websites and apps using coding languages like HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. They determine what each part of a site will look like and what it will do (often referred to as the user interface).

As well as designing a website’s appearance, Front-End Web Developers optimise page loading times and make architectural improvements to ensure the best possible user experience.

If a business wanted to build a website, they might hire a Front-End Web Developer to design the site’s layout. This would include deciding where to place images, banners and dropdowns, as well as planning the page navigation system. Much of a Front-End Web Developer’s work involves ensuring a website is aesthetically pleasing and intuitive for the customer to use.

Front-End Web Development Essentials


Front-End Web Development skills

What’s the difference between a Front-End and Back-End Web Developer?

You’ve probably already figured out that web development is a multifaceted role. To simplify things, it’s useful to separate the different tasks that go into developing the front and back-end of a website. 

Front-End Web Developers are responsible for building and maintaining the elements of the website that users see and interact with. This includes:

  • Designing the look and functionality of a website 
  • Adding interactive features and content 
  • Maintaining user-facing code
  • Ensuring a website’s mobile compatibility (a recent report found that the vast majority of web traffic now comes from mobiles)

Back-End Web Developers are responsible for building and maintaining the underlying platforms that drive the front-end. This includes:

  • Planning back-end web architecture 
  • Managing servers and databases 
  • Troubleshooting faulty applications and features

What does a Full-Stack Developer do?

In order to understand what a Full-Stack Developer does, it’s useful to define what ‘stack’ means. 

In tech terms, a stack refers to all the different applications and programs that communicate with one another to take a request from a user’s browser. Additionally, a stack also encompasses all the APIs, servers and databases that are talking to one another in response to that same request.

A Full-Stack Developer is a software developer who writes the front-end code, the API code that sits in the middle, the back-end code, and the code that connects and communicates with databases. 

Full-Stack Developers have a wide range of coding skills, will often use multiple programming languages, and offer an end-to-end development service. 

What is HTML?

HTML stands for HyperText Markup Language and is a standard markup language used for web page creation. It allows web developers to structure a website and its content. 

Using HTML elements (which, in simple terms, are the building blocks of a web page), web developers are able to apply tags and attributes which determine if the website content is presented as a set of paragraphs, a list of bulleted points, or within images and data tables

HTML has a lot of use cases, including:

  • Web development: Developers use HTML code to design how a browser displays web page elements, such as text, hyperlinks and media files.

  • Internet navigation: HTML is used to embed hyperlinks, which allows users to easily navigate between related pages and websites.
  • Web documentation: HTML makes it possible to organise and format documents for web pages, with functionality similar to Microsoft Word.

What is CSS?

CSS stands for Cascading Style Sheets and is a design language intended to simplify the process of making web pages presentable.

CSS allows developers to customise the look and feel of a web page and can be used to apply a variety of visual effects, including:

  • Text colour
  • Font style 
  • Paragraph spacing 
  • Background colours and images
  • Page layout
  • Display sizes for different devices 

As far as coding languages go, CSS is relatively easy to learn and gives developers complete control over the styling and formatting of a HTML document. Most commonly, CSS is used in combination with markup languages like HTML or XHTML.

What is JavaScript?

JavaScript is a text-based programming language that allows you to make web pages interactive. While HTML and CSS are languages that give structure and style to web pages, JavaScript gives web pages interactive elements. 

Day-to-day examples of JavaScript in action include the search bar on YouTube, a news video embedded on the Sydney Morning Herald, or the automatic refresh on your Instagram feed.

Though JavaScript is more frequently used for client-side programming, it also has server-side uses too. In terms of web development, JavaScript has two main uses:

  • Building web and mobile apps:

    JavaScript frameworks provide developers with pre-written code to use for programming routine features and tasks, literally offering a ready-made framework to build web and mobile applications around. 

  • Adding interactive features to web pages:

    JavaScript allows users to interact with web pages. There are almost no limits to what you can do with JavaScript on a web page, including sliding through a carousel of images on a homepage, displaying a timer or count-down, playing audio and video within a web page, and incorporating a drop-down menu. 

What is React?

React is one of the most popular and widely used open-source JavaScript libraries. React was designed by Facebook in 2011 and has since been used to develop Instagram. 

When building an application with React, you’re able to draw on a library of independent, reusable components. This enables you to build high quality user interfaces quickly and efficiently. 

Taking a lot of the heavy lifting out of the code writing process, many top companies trust and use React, including Netflix, Airbnb and PayPal. Web developers love using React because it’s fast to build with and scalable.

How is UX used in Front-End Web Development?

what is front end development

User Experience (UX) and User Interface (UI) are design approaches based on the principles of Human-Centred Design. UX is all about creating functional, user-friendly products, while UI focuses on designing visually appealing interfaces. Because the two approaches work together, if you’re involved in one, you’ll need to pay close attention to the other. 

Front-End Web Developers are in charge of designing and developing the user interface of web and mobile applications. This means they need to be familiar with UX concepts in order to create a website that meets the user’s needs. By taking UX into consideration, you’re likely to improve the experience your website offers and increase the user’s satisfaction.

Careers in Front-End Web Development

Careers in Front-End Web Development

With so many companies launching or improving websites and apps, there’s never been a better time to get in on the action with Front-End Web Development. However, what exactly does the average career in the industry look like? 

To simplify things and give you a clear sense of direction, we’ve broken a Front-End Web Developer career path into three steps:

Step 1: Land an entry-level role

Seeing as you’ll be freshly qualified, your first role is likely to be that of a Junior Front-End Web Developer. Your day-to-day responsibilities are likely to include:

  • Testing and maintaining front-end applications
  • Debugging websites and ensuring software documentation is updated
  • Implementing new web features
  • Converting video, audio, written, and graphic components into web-compatible formats
  • Collecting user feedback to identify improvement opportunities

Step 2: Land a mid-level role

With a few years of entry-level experience under your belt, you’ll be well prepared to apply for mid-level roles as a fully-fledged Front-End Web Developer. Your responsibilities are likely to include:

  • Designing, building and maintaining websites and apps
  • Performing website updates
  • Developing test routines and schedules
  • Directing team members who produce website content
  • Identifying problems uncovered by customer feedback and making corrections

After you’ve completed a few years of web development in-house, you’ll have the choice of going freelance. By this stage, you’ll have a strong portfolio of work and the professional contacts from your previous places of employment, all of which will positively impact your earning potential and ability to attract clients.

Step 3: Land a senior-level role

For those of you with big ambitions, after you’ve had several years of mid-level experience (either in-house or as a freelancer) you’ll be able to apply for senior roles. This will see a significant jump not just in your salary, but also in your responsibilities. You daily tasks as a Senior Front-End Web Developer are likely to include:

  • Interpreting client specifications and identifying website user requirements
  • Creating timeframes and work schedules to meet deadlines
  • Communicating with clients, stakeholders and teams
  • Building a network of freelance designers and content writers
  • Supervising junior web developers and planning their learning and development

Industry demand for Front-End Web Development

Front-End Web Developers in Australia

How high is the demand for Front-End Web Developers in Australia?

With so many businesses embracing digital transformation and setting up online operations, it’s a lucrative time to be involved in Front-End Web Development. The Australian Web Development industry is currently worth a sizeable $1.2 billion and its associated employment market is set to grow by 25% in the next five years alone. 

Currently, over 3,300 Australian Front-End Web Development roles are up for grabs on Seek (as of November 2022). It’s also worth remembering that Front-End Web Developers are universally sought after, so wherever you end up in life you’ll have skills and a resume that catches the attention of hiring managers. 

How much do Front-End Web Developers earn in Australia?

The pay opportunities for Australian Front-End Web Developers reflect an industry that’s in-demand and always on the lookout for skilled talent. 

The average Front-End Web Developer salary in Australia at $117,363 per year (or $60.19 per hour). Even entry-level positions start at a healthy $100,000 per year, while more experienced Front-End Web Developers make a whopping $155,862 per year on average.

There’s also a good chance you’ll find the work rewarding, with Web Development scoring a solid 3.9 out of 5 for job satisfaction.

Becoming a Front-End Web Developer

Front-End Web Developers in Australia

How hard is it to learn Front-End Web Development?

Even for someone with no previous coding experience, learning coding, studying programming or Front-End Web Development is not as hard as you might think. That said, it takes time and dedication to grasp the programming languages and frameworks that today’s developers depend on, while you’ll also need plenty of hands-on practice to get to grips with the latest software and tools.  

The internet is filled with free tutorials that can be used by anyone keen to get started as a Front-End Web Developer. However, if you’re wanting to pick up the skills quickly, you’ll probably need to enrol in a course that offers guidance and feedback. Plus, earning a formal certification will make it much easier for you to land your first role in the industry. 

Where can I train as a Front-End Web Developer?     

There are many options when it comes to qualifying as a Front-End Web Developer. Traditional universities offer Bachelor of IT or computer science degrees combined with web development, which normally take 3-4 years to complete. 

There’s less of an expectation for Front-End Web Developers to be university qualified these days, with most employers and prospective clients prioritising practical skills and a strong portfolio over formal degrees. 

As a result, more people are enrolling in condensed bootcamp-style courses, which leave graduates industry-ready in a much shorter period of time. These courses focus on the hands-on experience and tangible skillset needed to make an impact in the industry.

What Front-End Web Development courses does Academy Xi offer?

Academy Xi offers practical, industry-recognised training that’s designed for digital careers. 

Whatever your starting point, our Front-End Web Development courses will leave you fully capable of writing and maintaining user-facing code for high-performing websites. 

Whether you want to venture into a new profession as a Front-End Web Developer, or upskill and test the waters of a Web Development career, Academy Xi has a course that’s perfectly suited to your goals and lifestyle. 

  • Front-End Web Development: Transform – For those who want to kickstart a new career as a Digital Marketer, including 24 weeks of access to a Career Support Program that helps over 97% of graduates straight into the role of their dreams.
  • Front-End Web Development: Elevate – For those who want to boost their career with in-demand Digital Marketing skills.

Not sure which course is right for you? Chat to a course advisor and we’ll help you find the perfect match.

Academy Xi Blog

Student Spotlight: Harrison Lewis

By Academy Xi

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Harrison realised that being able to write code would boost his career as a Digital Marketing Specialist. Read on to find out how Harrison’s new Front-End Web Development skills are helping him add finesse to the marketing collateral at Royal Rehab.

Wanting to accelerate his career by learning to code his own marketing assets, Harrison enrolled in the Front-End Web Development: Elevate course.

What was your educational and career history before Academy Xi?

I was basically your stock-standard high school student. I wasn’t too academic and finished high school with an average ATAR. I went to university and studied a commerce degree, which turned out to be a bad fit for me. I’m a very hands-on learner and the course was completely theoretical.

I completed a certificate in digital media at TAFE a few years later, which I absolutely loved. I decided to transition into digital marketing and successfully applied for a role at Academy Xi as a Digital Marketing Specialist.

I loved working for a company that has such a positive impact on people’s lives, helping students from all kinds of professional backgrounds get to where they want to be career-wise. Having a sense of purpose keeps you motivated and makes your work so much more fulfilling.

After spending several months marketing the Academy Xi courses, I decided it would be good for me to get behind the scenes and actually enrol in one.

I’m definitely someone who appreciates courses that teach tangible skills rather than the fluffy academic stuff. Academy Xi courses are very much focused on developing the practical capabilities that the industry needs, so I felt like a natural fit as a student.

Harrison Lewis

I was spending a lot of time building emails and web pages and decided that the Front-End Web Development: Elevate would give me a skillset that I could immediately implement in my role.  

Did your new skills come in handy?

Absolutely. Before the course I had been using WordPress for creating web pages, which was mainly templated. I was using a standard email builder for creating emails, which also worked with templates. Because I was working with templates, I was a bit limited in my ability to make customisations.

The course gave me the coding skills to make my own HTML and CSS updates, which means I can build the web pages and emails exactly as I want to. If I decide to change the theme of a page, I just write custom code. If I don’t know the code off the top of my head, I can easily look it up and plug it in.

Even if I’m asking a developer to make complex changes to a website, I have enough of an understanding to know exactly what to ask for. That in itself has made the course worthwhile.

What was the highlight of your training?

I’d have to say the two projects. For the first project I built my own website, which showcased my CV and professional profile. I used all kinds of custom code to give it the aesthetic and functionality I wanted, which really gave me a chance to cut my teeth with coding. 

The second project was a dynamic wedding invitation builder. While I was coding the website, there were fields on one side of the page. As you typed text into those fields, the invitation preview on the other side would pop up. We had to write code that changed the font, styling and layout of the invitation. As a user-facing product, all these choices were made by the customer simply clicking buttons.  

Before the two projects, I’d only had limited experience with coding. By the end of the second project, I was comfortable writing my own custom code. Ultimately, I learnt a huge amount in a short period of time, which was really satisfying. Plus, I’ve come away with a CV website that I’ll always be able to show to prospective employers. 

How did you find studying online?

Honestly, I found it much more enjoyable than in-person courses I’ve studied in the past.  There was no demand to physically be in a particular place, which relieved a lot of pressure. 

I was working full-time with Academy Xi and it was a busy time. If I was under the pump with my job, there was a bit of flexibility with the coursework submissions

I could dedicate a block of time to completing the assignments when there was space in my schedule. This meant I was able to keep up with the modules without placing myself under too much strain. Academy Xi courses are structured in a way that’s really sympathetic toward people with busy work schedules. You don’t have to put your whole life on hold just to keep up.

Harrison Lewis

In terms of a learning experience, the online set up worked perfectly. I loved having the freedom to go off and get to grips with the course content and then come to the live sessions to go through it all with the rest of the class. The discussions in those live sessions were pretty lively and I looked forward to them all week!

At the start of the course, some of my classmates were a little shy, but by about the midpoint of the course everyone had grown in confidence and was chipping in with their ideas. It became a really collaborative environment and we learned a huge amount from each other. In the end, I made some really good pals that I’m still in touch with to this day.

How did you find working with your mentor?

My mentor was Kruti and she really set the tone for the whole course. Not only was she super knowledgeable, with years of industry experience, but also just a really warm person who made everyone in the cohort feel welcome. 

We had live sessions twice a week and I came to every session with a question for Kruti. She was very patient and had an amazing ability to explain complicated ideas in a very simple way. Lots of this knowledge is available online, but it’s so much easier to have it clearly broken down by an expert.   

Kruti gave us lots of tips and tricks about what it’s like to work in the industry. There were little nitpicky things that we were fussing over with our projects and Kruti pointed out that in the industry, people wouldn’t get too hung up on them. Kruti’s been a web developer for most of her life, so when she tells you something’s not important, or that something’s absolutely essential, you know she’s speaking from experience.  

In our last session, she went into a lot of depth explaining how to manage project timeframes. For anyone that made the leap into the industry, or became involved in web development projects in their existing role, that advice would have been invaluable. 

What’s the new role you’ve landed?

I recently started working with Royal Rehab. I’m still a Digital Marketing Specialist, but it’s a more diverse role. I’m involved with content creation for socials, SEO, search advertising and pay-per-click advertising.  

I rely on the web development skills that I picked up with Academy Xi on a daily basis. My work often requires me to write custom code. Previously, I might have had to ask someone else to do that for me. Now, I’m much more independent and far less reliant on full-time web developers. 

I think anyone who has anything to do with a website will benefit from developing coding skills. Even if you’re having to deal with a web contractor, it puts you in a much stronger position to have detailed conversations with them about what you need.

When it comes to writing code yourself, you don’t need to be absolutely fluent. As long as you’ve got a foundational understanding, you can always search for the code you need and easily integrate it. More than anything, having coding skills will bring freedom to how you go about your work.  

Do you have any plans for further training?

I’m contemplating doing a Graduate Diploma of Data Analytics soon, which is really exciting. If I do go ahead with it, I’ll study that part-time after hours while I’m working at Royal Rehab, just like I did while working at Academy Xi. 

These days, marketing is becoming increasingly data-driven. You have to be able to go through customer data, clean it up and draw out actionable insights. Adding a formal accreditation to my CV for Data Analytics will definitely give my long-term career prospects a bit of a boost. 

What advice would you give to someone interested in studying the Front-end Web Development course? 

I’d say go for it. You’ll be investing in your future. If you do decide to enrol, don’t just do the minimum required to pass the course. It’s one of those classic situations whereby you get back what you put in. The course offers heaps of resources and activities, so make sure you spend time working through it all. If you do, you’ll graduate with an even deeper skillset.  

With everything shifting online, there’s a real shortage of digital skills in Australia right now. Tangible skills like web development are more sought after than ever before. Even if you’re not looking to land a web developer role, there are so many professions that you can excel in with coding skills.

Harrison Lewis

As for studying with Academy Xi specifically, I couldn’t recommend it enough. The mentors are world-class and the Student Experience team will go to great lengths to support all your needs. In the end, everyone enrolled in the course is there to develop new skills and take their career to the next level. Honestly, you couldn’t ask for a more inspiring environment to learn in. 

Are you keen to upskill in Front-End Web Development and make strides in your career just like Harrison? Check out our Front-End Web Development: Elevate course.

Academy Xi Blog

FAQs: Software Engineering

By Academy Xi

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We’ve compiled this list of questions that are often asked about Software Engineering. We hope that it will give you the answers you are looking for. 

Overview of Software Engineering

Physical computing devices, such as mobile phones or laptops are referred to as ‘hardware’ and the set of instructions that tells the device what to do are known as ‘software’. 

Software engineering is the process of analysing user needs and then designing, developing and maintaining systems that instruct anything from small applications to large online platforms that will satisfy these needs through the use of software programming languages.

Software engineers design, develop and maintain systems and software for businesses and organisations. This software could be desktop programs like Spotify, or a mobile and web application such as Gmail or Facebook. They also build network control systems and operating systems. Their job is to meet the requirements of the users’ specifications as best as possible.

Both of these roles can build software from scratch, but ultimately software engineers work on a larger scale. 


Developers are responsible for creating programs, working with programmers to design and test them and their project scope is generally a lot more limited in comparison to an engineer. Software engineers focus on structural design and often collaborate with IT, operations and development staff to design and maintain programs, architecture, large scale data stores and cloud-based systems.

These two roles describe similar areas of expertise, but they’re not the same.

Web developers build websites from the ground up using programming languages such as JavaScript or Java. In contrast, software engineers are responsible for creating more complex applications and programs for computers and devices, which are used as critical systems for organisations. They create, conceptualise, program, document, test and upgrade software and their components.

Specific software is needed in almost every industry. It can provide a wide range of functions including automation of tasks to improve any organisation’s efficiency and reduce the workload of teams.

With over 5 billion mobile users in the world, all of these devices function via operating systems – software with multiple functions.

The scope of work that software engineers can be involved with is endless. With almost every industry using software in some form or another, an engineer could be involved in developing anything from a trading platform for investment bankers to creating systems that track energy production and consumption around the world. 

Software engineers are needed across all industries, including healthcare, education, retail, government agencies, human resources, space exploration – you name it, there’s a need for software engineers.

A technology stack is a list of all the technology services used to build and run one single application. Tech stacks communicate a lot of information about how the application is built and are divided between the back-end (server side) and front-end (client side). Website development tends to be separated into three focus areas: front-end, back-end and full-stack.

Also known as ‘client side’ development, this is where the focus is on what a user visually sees in their browser or app. Front-end programming or development is the ‘look and feel’ of a site and languages used include HTML, CSS, Javascript, JQuery. 

Front-end programming jobs:

  • Front end developer
  • Front end Designer 
  • Web Designer
  • UX UI Designer

Referred to as back-end development or ‘server side’, it usually consists of three parts: a server, an application and a database. Users can’t see the back-end work, but this code is what communicates the database information to the browser. Back-end languages include: Java, PHP, Ruby on Rails, Python, .Net

Back-end programming jobs:

  • Back-end developer
  • Java developer
  • Software developer
  • Full-stack developer

Working on the server-side of web programming, full-stack developers can also fluently speak the front-end languages that control how content looks on a site’s user-facing side. They’re the jack of all trades.

Software engineering skills and tools

On the tech side, software engineers need the following skills:

  • Coding (the most common language being JavaScript) and being able to code for mobile devices. Python, Java and Ruby are also popular languages
  • Problem solving skills to debug and fix errors in code that cause unexpected behaviour
  • Testing skills (handling untested or broken code)
  • Ability to learn new languages and concepts quickly
  • Familiarity with database technologies such as SQL
  • Familiarity with programming frameworks
  • Understanding of modern software architecture and patterns

It’s not all about tech in this role. Soft skills are also important and include:

  • Collaboration 
  • Communication
  • Empathy
  • Critical thinking
  • Leadership 

Software Engineering career

It is indeed. With an acute shortage of IT talent, many HR professionals are finding it difficult to fill software engineering roles and the demand is only going to continue to increase, with software jobs in Australia predicted to grow by 23.4% to 2024. (Labour Market Information Portal) and by 30% in the next five years:

In Australia, the most common salary is $100,000-$120,000 for software engineers, with income varying between the states and territories. Visit this page on to view the differences depending on your location, but also keep in mind that many software engineering roles can be performed remotely. 

Learning Software Engineering

If you are looking for a quick fix career change with no need for motivation and commitment, software engineering is not for you. For that matter, not many career changes are going to suit you if you aren’t willing to apply yourself to learning new skills.

At a base level, you will need to learn how to code, which is essentially a language. Most programming languages have fewer than fifty keywords and will be in comparison to learning a foreign language, easier to pick up. 

Software Engineering will be easier for some than others, but if you enjoy a challenge and take to coding, it would well be for you! 

Chat to our experienced Course Advisors to see if Software Engineering is for you

There is a massive industry demand and an acute shortage of IT Talent globally. Software engineers are highly sought after in Australia, with full-stack developers in particular being cited as one of the most in-demand and well paid IT roles. If you are after career opportunities across a range of industries with solid income and future job security, software engineering is the way to go.

There are many options to get qualified as a software engineer. Traditional universities offer Computer Science and Software Engineering degrees, which often take 3-4 years to complete. 

There is increasingly less expectation for software engineers to be university qualified, with many employers, including the likes of Google, looking more to skills and experience than a degree in computer science. 

As a result, more people are engaging in shorter, condensed bootcamp-style courses to get skilled in a much shorter period of time, with the added bonus of these courses being extremely laser focused on job readiness and practical skills. 

Academy Xi offers intensive, job-focussed training in software engineering and front-end web development

This industry-vetted, bootcamp-style training delivered by Academy Xi is designed to completely transform your career, teaching in-demand practical skills that will get you job-ready. 

While some are keen to teach themselves the art of software engineering, many benefit greatly from having the structure of a training program, particularly one that is highly practical and hands-on. 

A computer science degree could take a minimum of 3 years to complete, whereas training at a private college could see you graduating job ready in software engineering in a much shorter period of time.

At Academy Xi we offer our Software Engineering (Transform) training in the following formats:

Academy Xi offers job-focused software development courses designed to take you from beginner to employed, within months, with plenty of hands-on coding practice.

Academy Xi has leveraged curriculum from New York based tech education provider, Flatiron School, to bring you the Software Engineering: Transform course. 

Flatiron School has an impressive track record of delivering quality education for 8+ years. They have successfully graduated over 2,500 students and have won multiple awards for their proprietary tech education programs. 

With curriculum built by Flatiron School, the Software Engineering: Transform course from Academy Xi is designed to completely transform your career, teaching in-demand practical skills that will get you job-ready.

Some form of training is a must to enter the industry. Today’s career changers are increasingly looking to get skilled via intensive programming short courses or bootcamps, as opposed to traditional 4-year degrees.

By training in Software Engineering at Academy Xi, you will graduate job-ready and have access to Career Support at the completion of your training. With a 90% placement rate of graduates we are confident that we can work with you to land your first role as a Software Engineer. 

There is plenty of information available online to learn any programming language and to begin building and testing your own software. A few good resources include:

Many people, however, prefer the structure of a software engineering course that has been designed by industry professionals to ensure that you gain the skills and experience that will enable you to graduate ready to seek employment.

Academy Xi offers training in Software Engineering  as both part-time and full-time options. You can access course details below.

If you would like to discuss training options, please feel free to get in touch with our experienced Course Advisors. 

All of Academy Xi training is now offered online. We teach job focused software development courses designed to take you from beginner to employed within months, with plenty of hands-on coding practice.

Academy Xi has campuses in Sydney and Melbourne, but in light of the COVID pandemic all training has moved online. We pride ourselves on offering students a socially engaged learning experience

Academy Xi has campuses in Sydney and Melbourne, but in light of the COVID pandemic all training has moved online. We pride ourselves on offering students a socially engaged learning experience

Software Engineering course with Academy Xi

We teach two programming languages, one for each front-end and back-end plus a host of frameworks and tools, which, used together, can help to build a web application.


  • Languages: JavaScript, HTML and CSS
  • Frameworks: React and Redux


  • Language: Ruby (programming language) supported by Rails (framework), also called Ruby on Rails
  • Database tool: SQL 
  • Version control with Git

Both Ruby and Python are object oriented languages, so you can achieve the same results with both, however there are a few reasons we teach Ruby over Python:

  • Ruby is a language recommended for beginners because it reads remarkably like English
  • Ruby  is readable and efficient, making it much easier to get comfortable with than some other languages. 
  • It’s also open-source, so you’ll have access to plenty of tools and a community of other developers, all for free. The Ruby community is extremely supportive and an amazing resource for beginners.
  • And perhaps most importantly, it’s flexible: the language is used by plenty of companies (Airbnb, GitHub, Hulu, Kickstarter, etc.) and gives you a solid foundation to branch out into other languages later.

Once you are well versed with Ruby, learning other languages including Python will come more easily to you. 

Ruby is a programming language and is supported by Rails, which is the framework. Together they are known as ‘Ruby on Rails’.

Ruby on Rails is a web application framework. It is a collection of shortcuts written in Ruby that lets you build websites really quickly.

Yes. The Academy Xi Software Engineering Transform training is approximately 1000 hours of learning, to ensure that you are really well trained. Students spend over half their time coding and we developed the course with New York based Flatiron School, who have won multiple awards from Career Karma and Course Report.

We want you to understand that this is an intensive course that will train you to take on software engineering as a career, so you will need to put in some hard work. There will be an element of self study, however, you’ll get loads of support from your industry-trained mentors who have years of experience in software engineering. Your online experience will also include multiple weekly online classes with your mentor and classmates and unlimited 1:1 sessions with your mentor.

  • This course is built to really teach you how to code. 
  • You’ll spend over 50% of your time on coding, practical activities
  • From hundreds of labs (coding exercises) to 5 projects of varying complexity, you’ll be constantly coding
  • Not only will you build code, but you’ll also learn how to debug errors 
  • Real client project work: Once you graduate, you also have the option to work on a JavaScript project for a real client’s website, in a safe local environment.
  • Reading is a crucial part of learning to be a developer, so that has been built into the design of the course. You can expect to spend 50% of your time reading, and 50% practicing. 
  • There are certainly plenty of free resources online and lots of people teach themselves, BUT what we offer is feedback and support while you are doing it – which makes the process more efficient, and effective.
  1. There will be multiple Live Sessions with your mentor which will be a little lecturing, but mostly live practice and discussing practical activities
  2. You can get unlimited mentor support when you need it (within office hours)
  • It’s an easier way to learn a complex topic – start small and keep building in complexity: Another difference is that the activities, projects and assessment are built to start small, adding specific skills along the way, increasing a complex range of capability all at once. You could try to do that by yourself online, but it would be hard to do.
  • Importantly, the course has been refined over 8 years of delivery – so you’re essentially paying for something that works and has been proven to be successful. The way this course is taught has been optimised over and over and over again to ensure student success. 

So you get all these benefits if you choose to sign up, instead of trying to tackle a complex subject by yourself.

  • One thing employers are looking for is your GitHub profile – it’s basically a Software Engineer’s version of a portfolio.
  • Any person around the world can consult your code and see how you work without having to carry a laptop, a hard drive, or any other device. 
  • It is the best way to showcase your coding projects in a fast and professional way.
  • As this course consists of 50% of the time spent coding, each line of code you write is published to your GitHub profile – which you can share with employers to showcase your coding skills. 
  • In fact, your final capstone project is designed specifically to demonstrate the breadth of your skills to potential employers.
  • Git is a version control system which is distributed for free. It’s open-source, fast, and efficient.
  • GitHub is the web platform for hosting your code using Git’s system.
  • We have an entire Career Support Team that will work with you to help you secure a job offer after graduation. 
  • You’ll get personalised support to refine your CV and LinkedIn profile, help in preparing for interviews and access to our network of employers. 
  • It’s a collaborative process – you have to look for opportunities, put in the effort and engage with your Career Coach. 
  • We’re really proud of our graduate employment rate – over 90% of our graduates have secured a job offer within 180 days of graduation, in their chosen field.
  • The full time course can be completed in 5 months, and the part-time in 10 months. 
  • The course content across full time and part time is identical. 
  • The difference is the time commitment – whether you can commit to studying full time (around 45-50 hours a week) or part time (20-25 hours a week). 
  • If you’re studying the full-time course, we’ll assume you’re available between 9 to 5 and can attend live video sessions and 1:1 on demand sessions with your mentor during that time. 
  • That’s why if you’re currently working full time, we recommend that you study the 10 month time course – it spreads learning out over a longer period and does not have any scheduled activities during work hours.

The course is delivered 100% online via our best-in-class learning platform. You’ll learn through a combination of: 

  • Self study (pre-readings, videos, etc.) 
  • Mentor-led weekly online classes (4 per week for full time students, 2 per week for part time) 
  • Individual project work
  • Individual coding practice labs and final project 
  • Group client project (optional)
  • No prior coding experience is required, you can enter this course as a beginner and graduate ready for a Software Development job. 
  • As this course is designed for beginners, you’ll learn everything from the fundamentals of computer science to actually writing code. 
  • Any coding experience you bring will be a bonus – but it’s definitely not required.
  • It’s a 2 step process, but entirely non-technical. 

Step 1: Admissions Interview: This is a chance for us to get to know you, your motivations for studying this course and whether the course is the right fit for you. 

Step 2: As per the course advisor’s discretion, you may be asked to perform a short logic test in your own time. Don’t worry, there’s no coding experience required. This simple assessment will help us understand your thought process, to ensure you are well-placed to succeed in the course.

  • Allow 1-4 hours for this test.
  • This course is spread over 5 core modules. 
  • At the end of each module, you’ll work on an assessment project. 
  • You’ll work solo on all your course project work- that’s 5 individual projects to add to your Github portfolio!  
    • Students aren’t grouped in these projects, but they could discuss their ideas with each other and the mentor but at the end it’s their own work they would have to submit.
    • In the client project phase, will be grouping students and would be a collaborative project – teaching important concepts like peer programming.
  • You’ll need to complete each module project to a satisfactory level before you progress to the next module. 
  • You may be required to do some re-work if your mentor determines that you’re not ready to progress to the next module yet. 
  • Operating systems: Laptop running the latest version of either Mac OSX or Windows 10
  • Memory: 8GB+ of RAM
  • Hard drive: 10GB+ of free hard drive space (to install and set up programs and applications needed to study)
  • Hardware: Working keyboard, trackpad/mouse and display
  • Admin access: Yes – to install and configure programs
  • Internet access: Yes
  • Webcam: Yes – to participate in mandatory live sessions
  • Chromebooks, tablets, and smartphones will not work.
  • Laptops should have the latest version of its operating system and be no more than 4-5 years old 

Our Tech and Data courses range from $4,500 – $14,500 RRP. Speak to a course advisor to know more about the cost of specific courses. 

Why study Software Engineering at Academy Xi?

Industry vetted curriculum

Software Engineering training at Academy Xi was created by experienced learning designers, in partnership with industry practitioners. The curriculum is open source, with students able to suggest changes quickly and easily from the GitHub repository. We update the curriculum regularly based on this feedback and real world changes, ensuring content stays relevant in a fast- changing industry.

Become a full-stack engineer

Increase your employment prospects by gaining the full breadth of skills across the tech stack. You’ll master programming fundamentals with JavaScript and Ruby, and build applications quickly with Ruby on Rails (favoured by popular tech companies like Airbnb, MyFitnessPal, SoundCloud and others).

Hands-on coding practice

Implement technical learning from the get go, with hundreds of practical labs (coding exercises), and over 50% of your time spent coding. You’ll collaborate with peers to work on group projects of increasing complexity and deliver your own solo web development project at the end of the course.

Build your GitHub profile

Display your newly acquired Software Engineering skills through 5 assessment projects and your personal Github profile, created as you progress through the course, demonstrating your practical skills and approach to future employers.

Bonus client project

After you graduate from the course, you’ll have the opportunity to work with JavaScript using a real client brand. Get a feel for what it’s like to use your coding skills on a real-world website or app, solving problems Front-end Developers face on a daily basis.

Supported by leading industry experts

Your course Mentor is a seasoned practitioner with extensive experience in the tech field, as well as teaching. You’ll meet your Mentor regularly through live video sessions for group discussions and Q&A.

Unlimited 1:1 mentor support

Get access to 1:1 sessions with your Mentor to receive personalised feedback and specific guidance as you progress through the course.

Robust learning platform

Study on a comprehensive learning platform using real developer tools. You’ll set up a real development environment on day 1 and use a professional command line and Git-based workflow, so you truly learn by doing.

Tailored career support

Get job-ready and land your dream role, like 90% of our graduates to date. Over 24 weeks, our Career Support team will work with you to strengthen your CV and online brand, prepare for mock interviews, search for job opportunities and much more.

Network of hiring managers

Lots of fantastic brands are looking to hire graduates just like you… And we’ve got the community to connect you with them, helping you land your dream job.

Cohort based learning

Never feel like you’re studying alone. Start and progress through the course at the same pace as all other students. Regularly interact with your Mentor and classmates via Zoom, Slack and Q&A forums to discuss current topics and work in groups on projects, replicating the collaborative approach required in the workplace.

Earn an industry-recognised certificate

Receive a Certificate of Completion as official recognition of your competencies, theoretical knowledge and practical skills in Software Engineering. As our courses are trusted by organisations and recruiters across Australia, adding this digital credential to your CV and LinkedIn profile can greatly boost your employment prospects.

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